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European Chemicals Agency to restrict CMR substances in child care products Release Time:2023-11-20

On November 8, 2023, the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) investigated 48 different sources of information and found that child care products may contain carcinogenic, mutagenic or reproductive toxic (CMR) substances. Metals such as cobalt and lead, and phthalates such as DEHP are the most common CMR substances in child care products. The investigation will help the European Commission develop an EU-wide restriction on these chemicals to protect children.

What are CMR substances:
CMR substances are substances that are carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to reproduction (CMR) , commonly known as "three hazardous substances". They are the first category of toxic and harmful substances in the EU REACH regulations. Such substances may have long-term effects on human health. and serious impacts . Chemical substances called CMRs may have one, two, or all of the above three categories of toxicity.


CMR substances are commonly found in:

CMR is most commonly found in items such as car seats, bibs, toiletry-related products , and bedding and mattresses. Children may be exposed to these harmful substances through their skin or mouth during use . Because children are small and physiologically developing, they are particularly vulnerable to harm caused by chemical substances .


the ECHA report:

1. CMR 1A and CMR 1B substances in Annex VI of the EU CLP regulations appear in child care products. The default limit of the substance concentration in any uniform material is not to exceed 0.001% (10 mg/kg); taking into account technical means and stricter regulations Requirements, some substances have specific limits, such as the limit of formaldehyde is 30 mg/kg (the amount of formaldehyde released in wood is 0.1 mg/m3), the limit of bisphenols is 1 mg/kg, etc. 

2. Redefine child care products more clearly and provide a list of indicative examples; 

3. Specific exemption list: (i) second-hand child care products, (ii) substances present in child care products but not accessible to children in any form (including inhalation), and (iii) substances covered by the Medical Devices Regulations Covered Items. 

4. ECHA pointed out that when adding CMR 1A or CMA 1B new substances to CLP Annex VI, a transition period of 12 to 18 months has been obtained, so it will not consider setting an additional transition period for the promulgation of this regulation; as for adding CLP Annex in the future Substances classified as VI automatically receive a transition period of 12 to 18 months after the entry into force of this classification.

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